Albert Einstein


There have been tremendous amounts of brilliant scientists; however, Albert Einstein was one of the smartest people in the group who contributed to the society lots of momentous scientific inventions. Einstein showed the world that absolute time had to be replaced by a new absolute, the speed of light. Not like other scientists, Einstein did not agree with the “old physics.” Instead, he held his own belief and showed that space and time were absolute and the speed of light was relative. In addition, he not only contributed to the science but also contributed to the math by showing how to calculate Avogadro’s number. Also, Einstein helped to open the door to a new science world by providing the idea of quantum physics. With all the efforts he put in for the world, he won the Noble Prize in 1921. ¹

Insight and Influence


Albert Einstein was born at Ulm, in Wurttemberg, Germany, on March 14, 1879. He had to move around quite a bit because his father was failing repeatedly on businesses that he opened. In 1914, he was appointed as a director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and the Professor in the University of Berlin. During the World War I, Einstein was asked to help the United States Navy evaluate designs for future weapons systems. He was the first one to give the idea about the atomic bomb. However, he did not want the bomb to be used in a purpose to kill people. Therefore, when he heard the news that the atomic bombs were launched in Japan, he immediately formed the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientist in order to get the bomb under control. After World War II, for being a leading person in the World Government Movement, he was offered the Presidency of the State of Israel; however he declined the offer. Then, he collaborated with Dr. Chaim Weizmann in establishing the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921, and is known as a most influential scientist of the 20th century.²

Major Contributions


Einstein accomplished significant amount of new ideas and contributed to the world largely. He majorly contributed to the four areas of the science; Light, Time, Energy, and Gravity. For example, one of Einstein's theories states that time is not as constant as the light is; the time goes slower as the one goes faster, even though the one does not feel anything. In addition, Albert Einstein accomplished a famous equation, E=MC2. It explains the links between the energy and mass. As Isac Newton invented the theory of gravitational pull, Einstein added to that idea, stating that not only does the object fall to the ground because of the gravity, but also earth's orbit attracts asteroids. Not only that, he also came up with the special theory of the relativity, stating that light is constant, and that it is impossible to go faster than the speed of light. Without Einstein's achievements, it would be hard to believe that the world would be the same place as it is right now.³

Affect & Effect


When Albert Einstein was young, his parents business was the manufacture of electrical parts. Because he did not pass the examination, which would have led him to the course of studying electrical engineering at the Swill Federal Institute of Technology, he spent the next year at the cantonal secondary school in order to return to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. After a successful studying from the Institution, he completed an astonishing range of publications in theoretical physics. In 1905, after he earned his Ph. D., Einstein wrote a paper on what is now known as the special theory of relativity. This paper contained two hypotheses. The first stated that the laws of physics had to have the same form in any frame of reference. The second hypothesis stated that the speed of light was a constant. In addition, he wrote numerous momentous papers to help the science world to be more easily understood. Einstein was not only a phenomenal scientist, but also a social activist and a humanitarian. He spoke out against the German involvement in World War I. Albert married his first wife, Mileya Maric in Berne, with whome he had three children : Lieserl, Hans Albert, and Eduard. But Mileya and Albert divorced in Februry 1919 and a few months later, he married his cousin, Elsa Einstein. After Hitler’s rise to power, Life for Jews in Germany became extremely uncomfortable. Therefore, he and his wife, Elsa, moved to the United States and settled in Princeton, New Jersey. Einstein, after the settlement, sent a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt in order to suggest that the United States must develop an atomic bomb before Germany did. The letter later contributed to Roosevelt’s decision to fund what became the Manhattan Project.




The Things he Left Behind


Although he was regarded as one of the most brilliant physicists in the past, Albert Einstein thought of himself as much as a philosopher as a scientist. Out of tremendous amount of experiments he had done, he had discovered that the clocks run slower or faster depending on the speed of travel or location in the universe, and the actual distances are stretched or shrunk by gravity. In addition, his invention of the atomic bomb eventually led to the end of the World War II, when the United States dropped the bomb on Japan. However, Einstein deeply regretted for putting the universe at risk, and also realized that the bomb he had created could bring enormous problems to the future world. He summarized his feeling about the bomb saying that “[He] made one great mistake in [his] life... when [he] signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification - the danger that the Germans would make them.” Therefore, he decided to destroy the monster by campaigning for the abolition of the atomic bomb. Although his invention put the world at risk once, without Einstein, the world currently would not be the same place.


References


1. Albert Einstein Achievements
2. Albert Einstein Biography
3. Accomplishments of Albert Einstein
4. Albert Einstein: Man of Imagination