Alexander Graham Bell


Alexander Graham Bell, across the united states of america is one of the well known physicist of the past. With his contributions to science we would not be able to talk to each other over log distances or do most of our daily jobs. Bell was also an inventor; most of his studies in the science department was hearing and description. After a long period of research, it ultimately lead to one of his first inventions, the first telephone. This was the first device that he was first credited for, and got awarded the first patent in the united states for the telephone in 1876. "In 1888, Alexander Graham Bell became one of the founding members of the National Geographical Society." [6]

Insight and Influences


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Image courtesy of AT&T
"Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3, 1847, in Edinburgh, Scotland," [14] He had two brothers Melville James Bell (1845–1870) and Edward Charles Bell (1848–1867). All of his brothers were born three years apart from each other and sign on to have very successful lives but in 1867 Edward died of Tuberculosis. Three years later, his only other brother, Melville, also died of Tuberculosis. His father was named Alexander Melville Bell, and his mother was Eliza Grace. Although he was born with the name of "Alexander", at age ten, he made an appeal to his parents to have an outstanding middle name like his older and younger brothers had. For his 11th birthday, his father allowed him to select a middle name that would suit him the best and he chose to adopt the middle name "Graham", because of admiration for "Alexander Graham, a Canadian being treated by his father and boarder who had become a family friend."[6]

Alexander Graham Bell grew up in Scotland. For most of his childhood years, his dad was personally tutoring him. At an early age, he decided to enrol in the Royal High School in Edinburgh, Scotland, which he left at age 15, completing only the first four semesters. That flowing year at the age of 16, Bell secured a job as a pupil-teacher of speech and music, in the Weston House Academy, at Elgin, Moray, Scotland. Even thought his dad did not want him to pursuer a career in the science department, he still kept pursuing a career in science because his dad and also his grandfather had careers in science. He enrolled in some Latin and Greek courses at Weston House, which later he thought classes there. He instructed classes himself in return for accommodation and boarding and £10 per session. That next year at the age of 17 he enrolled at the University of Edinburgh, to promote the pursuit of in his older brothers, Melville, foot steps, who had enrolled at the university the past year.

As a child, Alex displayed a natural curiosity about his world, resulting in gathering botanical specimens as well as experimenting even at an early age. At the age of twelve he started working in his neighbor's mill. One day when he was at the mill he started talking to his neighbor and asks him if there is anything wrong, his neighbor started explaining on how it was taking up all of his labor to de-husk all of the wheat. Bell has just thought of his first invention. Bell invented a device that combined rotating paddles with sets of nailbrushes, which created a simple de-husking machine that was used from years to come for the workers in the factory and made the labor process of de-husking the wheat a very simple process. After the invention that he had made went in to effect, the owner of the mill set aside a portion of the mill for an invention area, their new workshop. In their new workshop, Alexander had started to come up with some new projects for their new workshop that would be for the mill that would also help the labor. In the process or this Alex created many more inventions that helped speed up the routine of slow wheat processing.


Major Contributions


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Image courtesy of Quotations Book
Alexander Graham Bell has made some major contributions to society, to this date. While the telephone was not the only great invention that he had, some of his later inventions were more important than the telephone. One of the next major inventions that he had was the metal detector. The metal detector is a device, which uses electromagnetic induction to detect metal. The reason why Alex would want to create such a device was so he could find a bullet that had shot President James Garfield. Since the bullet that shot the president had lead in it the metal detector should of been able to find it, but the only flaw that the metal detector had was its ability to since how close the bullet was to the detector. The result in to trying to find the bullet was impossible because the detector was going off constantly. The main reason why the bullet was not found was that the bed that the president was laying on was made of different types of metals. So in his efforts of trying to find the bullet, he was only getting closer or father away from the bed. "The president's surgeons, who were skeptical of the device, ignored Bell's requests to move the president to a bed not fitted with metal springs. Alternately, although Bell had detected a slight sound on his first test, the bullet may have lodged too deeply to be detected by the crude apparatus." [6] ​

The most notable innovation that Alex has changed the world with is, the telephone. The phone has revolutionized the way that we conduct our daily tasks. The way that the phone was invented was that the phone is wire-based electrical system, "and Alexander Graham Bell's success with the phone came as a direct result of his attempts to improve" [14]his telegraph system. When Bell began to mess around with some of the electrical signals, try putting different tools together, he learned what all was going on when a telegraph. Although it was the sucess rate of the system was remarkably high , the telegraph, with its dot-and-dash Morse code, was just limited to receiving and sending one letter at a time. Bell's extensive knowledge of the nature of music and his knowledge of music enabled him to infer the possibility of transmitting multiple messages to other people over a priciple wire, or cable, at the same time as others go through the wire. Although the notion of a multiple telegraph had been in existence for some time, Bell offered his own musical or harmonic manner as a workable practical solution. His "harmonic telegraph" was based on the assumption that several messages could be sent at the precise same time all along a principle cable if the notes or signals differed in tone. In 1875, Bell developed an acoustic telegraph and drew up a patent application for it. Since he had agreed to share large amounts of profits with his two investors Gardiner Hubbard and Thomas Sanders, Bell requested that an associate attempt to licence it in Britain, instructing his lawyers to apply for a license in the United States only after they received word from Britain.

Affect and Effect


Alexander Graham Bell's effect on today's society is not just visible but also audible everywhere we go. Some of the effects that Bell's inventions have had on us are really huge. Most of them have had big leaps of science and human interaction. With his biggest invention being the telephone, he was credited with this invention as soon as he got it to the patent office. Following the patent of the telephone he received the Volta Prize of $10,000 for the invention of the telephone from L’Académie française, which was representing the French government, in Paris. Even though most people today dont realize how much of an effect that Bell has on them everyday. People use their phones every day to make calls to other people, they do not really know what they would do without this kind of advancement. If we were to not have any kind of cellular device, or any kind of phone period, we would be helpless on doing our everyday jobs. We regularly rely on telephone to help us with our productivity. Businesses use phones everyday to tell their workers what to do, to order new supplies, and to communicate with other companies to see what thing are happening today.

"As a child Alexander was interested in many things, he always kept wondering. One thing Alexander was interested in was sounds and tones. Because of his interest, Alexander played piano; in fact he played quite well. Alexander was also especially interested in speech. He even did experiments on his dog by pressing gently on the dog's voice box to make it sound like someone was talking. Alexander had a special love for science. As a child he would bring home animals to study and dissect. When Alexander Graham Bell was only sixteen he taught music. During his teachings, Alexander would experiment with tuning forks. A tuning fork is a metal instrument with two prongs, when one prong is hit it vibrates and it sends the vibration through a connection cord, internally making the other prong vibrate. The vibration is heard as music. Alexander, after his experiments, thought if the vibration of sound could be sent on metal prongs, couldn't he send speech on a wire? At that time, a telegraph could only send one message over a wire. Alexander was trying to send a conversation or over one message. He called it a multiple telegraph. When Alexander was twenty-four, he moved to Boston, Massachusetts. During that time, Boston was busy with inventors, scientists, colleges and industry. What a great place for a man with high hopes of inventing." [7]

Legacy


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Image courtesy of Design Technology
Many things have remembered Alexander Graham Bell, even though he has passed away. There have been many things that he has either discovered or invented has helped shape and change this world today. Some of the inventions that he has made is the metal detector and the telephone, without it we would not be able to communications at all. The metal detector alone has a legacy by itself, it helped almost save the life of a untied states president be trying to locate a bullet inside of his body. In various countries they have done many thing to remember Bell, not just in the United States.
In Scotland, they produced commemorative £1 banknotes that show the picture of the famous inventor from the Royal Bank of Scotland. These bank notes did not just show the picture of a famous inventor, they showed a person revolutionized the world with just one small invention from his childhood. "The illustrations on the reverse of the note include Bell's face in profile, his signature, and objects from Bell's life and career: users of the telephone over the ages; an audio wave signal; a diagram of a telephone receiver; geometric shapes from engineering structures; representations of sign language and the phonetic alphabet; the geese which helped him to understand flight; and the sheep which he studied to understand genetics."[8] In Canada, they remembered his 150th birthday by making commemorative one hundred dollar gold coins. There have even been organizations that have been started because of his affect on people today. One of the many organizations that have been created is Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. "The Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing helps families, health care providers and education professionals understand childhood hearing loss and the importance of early diagnosis and intervention." [9] Another one of the organizations that have been founded after Bell is The Alexander Graham Bell Academy for Listening and Spoken Language, "which offers certification for Listening and Spoken Language Specialists (LSLS) as either Auditory-Verbal Therapists (LSLS Cert. AVT) or Auditory-Verbal Educators (LSLS Cert. AVEd)." [10] The main reason this organization was created was so their can be people who specialize in sign language and people who can communicate via handheld communication devices. The legacy of Alexander Graham Bell has been revolutionary through out the whole world and has had an effect on everyone who it comes in contact with.




References


  1. http://www.alexandergrahambell.org/
  2. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/gadgets/other-gadgets/metal-detector.htm
  3. http://www.ed.ac.uk/home
  4. http://www.uspto.gov/
  5. http://inventors.about.com/od/bstartinventors/a/telephone.htm
  6. http://www.answers.com/main/ntquery?method=4&tname=alexander-graham-bell&gwp=11&curtab=1648_1
  7. http://www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infoCentral/frameset/inventors/bell/index.html
  8. http://www.rampantscotland.com/SCM/royalcomm.htm
  9. http://nc.agbell.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=550
  10. http://www.agbellacademy.org/
  11. http://quotationsbook.com/author/photos/605/
  12. http://www.corp.att.com/history/milestone_1876.html
  13. http://www.design-technology.org/telephone.htm
  14. http://giobell.com/resource/alexander-graham-bell-in-science.php
  15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfLWtebubtY