Theodore H. Maiman


Theodore H. Maiman, a great man in the science world, contributed alot to society. Theodore H. Maiman was nominated twice for the Noble P rize and was given membership in both the National Academies of Science and Engineering. He was the recipent of the 1983/84 Wolf Prize in physics, and was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame that same year. This great inventor received a lot more awards all kinds of prizes by the works that he was doin. Theodore H. Maiman was known for his famous laser which won him the Noble Prize twice. Theodore H. Maiman was under direction of Willis Lamb when he got his dortoral thesis in experimental physics. Not wishing to continue working for Union Carbide, he formed Maiman Associates in 1968.


Insight And Influences


Theodore Harold Maiman developed and patented the world's first laser in1960. Theodore was born in Los Angeles, California Maiman Interested in technology at an early age where in his teens, he earned college money from repairing electrical appliances and radios.Theodore Maiman is the son of an electrical engineer that's why he repaired electrical appliances. He attended the University of Colorado and received a B.S. in engineering physics in 1949 then went on to do graduate work at a good college named Stanford University, where he received an M.S. in electrical engineering in 1951 and a Ph.D. in physics in 1955.() It was during his stay at Stanford that Maiman learned of Charles Townes's work on masers.Shortly after the maser was constructed in 1954, Townes predicted that theories of coherence and stimulated emission might be applied to visible light, and it was to this end that Maiman turned his efforts. Townes's work was inspired by the hypotheses of Albert Einstein (1879-1955) who, in 1917, discussed the concept of stimulated emission in connection with his theory of relativity. When Townes proved Einstein's theories mechanically applicable to visible light, American scientists competed to produce the first working model of an optical maser. Gordon Gould is credited with designing a model as early as 1957, but he did not apply for its patent until it was too late: Townes and Arthur Schawlow (1921- ) were granted the patent for a similar design in 1958.()

Major Contributions


Theodore Harold Maiman developed, demonstrated and patented and world's first laser in 1960. He attended the University of Colorado and received a B.S in engineering physics in 1949 then went on to do graduate work at Stanford University,where he received and M.S. Maiman's Laser, based on a synthetic ruby crystal grown by Dr. Ralph L. Hutcheson, was first operated on 16 May 1960 at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California. After leaving Hughes, Maiman joined Quantatron where he was in charge of the laser activities. In 1962, Maiman became president of the newly formed Korad Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Union Carbide. Union Carbide bought the laser assets owned by Quantatron. Korad was devoted to the research, development, and manufacture of lasers. All minority owned stock of Korad Corporation was exchanged for Union Carbide stock during the first five years. Not wishing to continue working for Union Carbide, he formed Maiman Associates in 1968.Due to his work on the laser, he was twice nominated for a Nobel Prize and was given membership in both the National Academies of Science and Engineering.[3] He received the Oliver E. Buckley Prize in 1966. He was the recipient of the 1983/84 Wolf Prize in Physics, and was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame that same year. Besides, he received F&J. Hertz and Japan Prizes. Japan Prize is considered equivalent to Nobel Prize. Many world universities awarded him Honorary Degrees. The last Honorary Degree he received in 2002 from Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada.()

Refrences




1. http://www.madehow.com/inventorbios/38/Theodore-Harold-Maiman.html
2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Harold_Maiman
3. U.S. Patent 3,353,115
4. Johnson, John, Jr. (May 11, 2007). Theodore H. Maiman, at age 32; scientist created the first laser. Los Angeles Times
5. Douglas Martin (11 May 2007). "Maiman built world's first laser". The New York Times. http://www.presstelegram.com/news/ci_5875493.
6. Douglas, Martin (May 11, 2007). Theodore Maiman, 79, Dies; Demonstrated First Laser New York Times